05 December, 2017 | Share Article
The fifty-seventh Venice Art Biennial is about to end these days, and after more than 6 months of exhibitions in different sections, it will eventually end on November 26. The 120 years old Biennale is the oldest artistic event in the world and its place remains as the most important place for the introduction of contemporary art.
The fifty-seventh Venice Art Biennial is about to end these days, and after more than 6 months of exhibitions in different sections, it will eventually end on November 26. The 120 years old Biennale is the oldest artistic event in the world and its place remains as the most important place for the introduction of contemporary art. Each course in this Biennale has a general theme or topic that pavilion of different countries are not required to follow it. The theme of this year's event is "Viva Arte Viva". This theme is a slogan that places art together with other realms of thought, such as philosophy, politics and religion, and suggests that the ultimate solution is art, and everyone should pay attention to art.
The Venice Biennale includes two sections of the nation’s pavilions and the curated exhibitions section. In the national pavilion section, each country officially introduces an institution and only that institution can represent the artist or artists of the country in the biennale and take the national pavilion of the country. In Iran, the Tehran Museum of Contemporary Arts has officially introduced and entrusted the National Pavilion, and thus, can exclusively introduce the artist to the Biennale. In the United States, the Guggenheim Museum, in UK, the British Council and in French Institute of the French are responsible for this. The second part, which includes curated exhibitions, are considered as the most important part of the biennial, and usually the main prizes are awarded to artists in this section. This year, 81 countries participated in the national pavilions section and in the curated exhibitions section, artists from more than 50 countries presented their works at nine exhibitions. Every year, aside from Biennale, other big and small exhibitions will be held on the corner of Venice city, in order to benefit from the opportunity for thousands of art lovers, who are in Venice during the 6 months of Biennale. However, the point is that, these exhibitions are not considered as a part of Biennale, even if they introduced and promoted in the Biennale Catalogues.
An important part of the nation’s pavilions are held in a large garden called Giardini, where some countries, such as the United States, Russia, Germany, England, Switzerland, Netherland and France, have built mansions for about a century ago, and this garden is the place of countries pavilions. There is one-year art biennale and next year architecture Biennale. Later, some countries such as Japan, South Korea, Egypt, and Venezuela, became aware of the importance of having a Pavilion in Giardini and built a mansion in the name of their country. Some countries like Iran, China, Turkey and Mexico still do not have a Pavilion in Giardini, and therefore, each year they should rent a building in Venice for 6 months in order to become the temporary Pavilion of that country. Near Giardini and in a region called Arsenal, which in the past was a military munitions mall, exhibitions organized by the Biennial Curiosities, inspired by the general theme of the program.
The important point is that all the Biennale visitors go to Giardini and often visit 25 pavilion of them, while only a small percentage of them go to other pavilions around the corner of Venice. As a result, the national’s pavilion of a country like Iran have fewer than 10% of other countries’ visitors, which have a permanent residence in the garden of Giardini. In the past two years, Iran's pavilion has been located in a relatively remote area of the city and it was only accessible after traveling a long distance, therefore it has only three or four visitors in each time; while in the front of the door of some pavilions in the garden, there are always long queues. In recent years, countries such as Turkey, UAE and Argentina have managed to reach the national pavilion at the end of Arsenal, which is better than other pavilions inside the country because all the Biennale visitors will visit Arsenal as well.